How much? - How many? (Contables e incontables)

En
ingles cuando queremos preguntar acerca de la cantidad de un sustantivo
incontable, usamos

la estructura:

“How much + sustantivo + is there?

Ejemplo: How much milk is there ? = ¿ cuanta leche hay ?

En las
respuestas se puede usar un partitivo no especifico como; a lot ( un montón ),

a little
( un poco ), none ( nada ), some ( algo ).

Ejemplo: How much milk is there ? = There is a little.

¿ Cuanta
leche hay ? hay un poco

O por el
contrario podemos usar partitivos especificos de unidad o medida o peso para
especificar las cantidades;

Ejemplo: How much milk is there? = There is a litre,
there is a bottle, etc..

¿Cuanta
leche hay? Hay un litro, una botella, etc..

Si
queremos preguntar acerca de la cantidad de un sustantivo contable, usamos la
estructura:

“ How many + sustantivo + are there ?

Ejemplo: How many oranges are there ? = ¿ Cuantas naranjas
hay ?

En las
respuestas se usa: a lot (un monton), a few (unas pocas), too many,
demasiadas), o none ( ninguna), some ( algunas), si queremos especificar
cantidades entonces usamos partitivos contables del tipo; un kilo, un litro, un
paquete, una bolsa, one, two, etc.

How much
y how many se usan para preguntas en general acerca de cosas, cuando queremos
que se nos indique las cantidades que hay, entonces how much y how many van
acompañados de is there o are there.

Ejemplos: How much water is there? = There is 1 litre.

How many students are there? = There are eleven
students in class.

Tambien
existe otra forma de preguntar cuando no estamos seguros de si hay algo o no, y
es usando, Is there + any + sustantivo (para incontables) o Are there + any +
sustantivos (para contables)

Ejemplo: Is there any bread ? - ¿Hay algo de pan?

Yes, there is - Si hay

Are there any apples? - ¿Hay alguna manzana?

Yes
there are - Si hay

Si
quieres especificar la cantidad o cantidades, pues usas there is o there are +
partitivo(s)

Ejemplo: There is a loaf of bread. Hay una barra de pan.

There are two loaves of bread. Hay dos barras de pan.

There is an apple. Hay una manzana.

There are three
apples. Hay tres manzanas.

How much? - How many? (Countable and uncountable)

In English when we ask about the amount of an
uncountable noun, we use

the structure:

"How much + noun + is there?

Example: How much milk is there? = How much milk is
there?

The responses can be used as a non-specific partitive;
a lot (a lot)

a little (a little), none (none), some (something).

Example: How much milk is there? = There is a little.

How much milk is there? There is a little

Or rather we can use specific partitive unit weight or
measure or to specify the quantities;

Example: How much milk is there? = There is a liter,
there is a bottle, etc. ..

How much milk is there? There is a liter bottle, etc.
..

If we ask about the amount of a count noun, we use the
structure:

"How many + noun + are there?

Example: How many oranges are there? = How many
oranges are there?

The responses were used: a lot (a lot), A Few (a few),
too many, too) or none (none), some (few), if we specify amounts then use
partitive type accounting, a kilo , a liter, a package, a bag, one, two, etc..

How much and How Many are used for general questions
about things when we want to tell us the amounts to, then how much and How Many
are accompanied by is there or are there.

Examples: How much water is there? = There is 1 liter.

How many students are there? = There are eleven
students in class.

There is also another way of asking when we're not
sure if there is anything or not, and is using, Is there + Any + noun (for
countless) or + Any + Are there substantive (for accountants)

Example: Is there Any bread? - Is there any bread?

Yes, there is - If there

Are there Any apples? - Is there an apple?

Yes there are - if there

If you specify the amount or amounts, as there is or
there are using are + partitive (s)

Example: There is a loaf of bread. There is a loaf of
bread.

There are two loaves of bread. Two loaves of bread.

There is an apple. There is an apple.

There are three apples. There are three blocks.

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